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Nature and Wildlife in Nagaon

Nagaon is famous for nature and wildlife options.  The Laokhowa National Park was considered as one of the most diverse and rich sanctuaries in Assam. Kaziranga National Park is also not too far from Nagaon.

Laokhowa National Park, NagaonLaokhowa National Park


Laokhowa National Park is located on the southern bank of River Brahmaputra in Nagaon. It has an area of 70.13 sq kms and is a part of Laokhowa-Burachapori eco-system. It is situated around 25 kms from the Nagaon town and 140 kms from Guwahati. Till 1980’s the Laokhowa National Park was considered as one of the most diverse and rich sanctuaries in Assam as well as the entire North-East India.

Climate

The sanctuary has moist tropical climate. The temperatures vary from maximum 35 degree Celsius and a minimum of 8 degree Celsius. The relative humidity is 80% with highest rainfall occurring in the summer season. The average rainfall is about 1300 mm.

Biodiversity

Flora:

The sanctuary has both grasslands and deciduous forests. The vegetation comprises of alluvial grasslands, alluvial forest, moist- deciduous forest and tropical semi evergreen forest.

Fauna:

The Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary is a home to different species of animals and birds including rare species. Some of the species of animals include one-horned rhinoceros, wild boar, Asiatic water buffalo, leopard cat, civer cat, hog deer, black deer and so on. Apart from that, different types of fishes and reptiles like monitor lizard, python, cobra and so on. are also found.
There are around 225 species of birds found here. Birds like spot billed pelican, little and large cormorant, darter, little egret, pond heron, open billed stork, white backed vulture, pariah kite, white breasted water hen, purple moorhen, bronze winged jacana, pheasant tailed Jacana, wagtail, crow pheasant, kingfisher are found here.

The best time to visit is from November to April.

One can contact the following person for further information about the sanctuary:

Divisional Forest Officer
Nagaon Wildlife Division, Katimari
Tel: 03672-225632 (O), 225003 (R)

Range Officer
Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary
P.O.-  Garajan
Dist- Nagaon
Tel: 03672-247592 (O)


Kaziranga National Park


Tourists can also visit Kaziranga National Park which covers a wide area of Golaghat district and Kaliabor sub division of Nagaon district.


Pokhi Tirtha Beel


Pokhi Tirtha Beel is a beautiful bird viewing site in Nagaon. Here the migratory birds come for nesting. It is also known as Samaguri bill.


Champavati Kunda


Champavati Kunda is also known as Champavati falls. It is a huge waterfall situated at Chapnalla in Nagaon. It is a very famous tourist spot in Nagaon. The place is blessed with enormous natural beauty.


Silghat


Silgat is a picturesque river port lying on the south bank of river Brahmaputra. Through this port town pre-communication links of central Assam across the Brahmaputra are maintained. There are also several temples located in Silghat. There is a big Samantagiri hillock in Silghat which draws large crowd.

Kolong River


Kolong River is one of the tributaries of the mighty Brahmaputra River. It diverts out from the Brahmaputra in Jakhalabandha area of Nagaon district and then flows through the district and then again joins the Brahmaputra in Kolongpar near Guwahati. The Kolong River flows through the districts of Nagaon, Marigaon and Kamrup and has a length of approx 250 kms. On its flow, many smaller streams meet until it finally merges with the Brahmaputra. The Kolong River flows through the heart of the Nagaon town and separates the town into two parts namely Nagaon and Haibargaon.

Significance

The river has much significance and attachment with the people of Nagaon. It was a major water transport route as there were no developed road and rail communication facilities during the British period. Due to this, the British established one of their district headquarters in Puranigudam, which is situated on the bank of the river.

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